Spay & Neuter
Spaying and Neutering Your Dog or Cat at Longwood Vet
Initial Physical Exam
A physical exam is needed to evaluate a patient’s overall health. During this appointment, a head-to-toe assessment will be completed. For males, the doctor will make sure both testicles have descended into the scrotal sac. If they have not, the cat is considered a cryptorchid and adjustments will need to be made to his surgery. For females, the doctor will make sure your pet is not in heat. If she is, the surgery may be postponed to minimize the risk of blood loss during the procedure. A vaccination schedule will be recommended and at least core vaccines completed before surgery. Any issues your pet is having should be investigated and treated before having surgery.
Pre-anesthetic Blood Work
Pre-anesthetic blood work evaluates kidney and liver function and assesses red blood cell count and hydration status. If bloodwork is normal, surgery is scheduled within two months.
Night Before and Morning Drop-Off
- Your pet will require overnight fasting, therefore, no food should be consumed by your pet after 10pm. It is ok to provide your cat with water up to the morning of surgery.
- You will drop your pet off at our clinic between 7:45am and 8:30am for admission.
- Your pet will receive another physical examination, blood work results will be reviewed and an individualized anesthetic protocol formulated for each patient.
Anesthesia and surgery
Your pet will be sedated and then anesthetized with a combination of anesthetic drugs and anesthetic gas (Isoflurane). An intravenous catheter is placed allowing for constant administration of intravenous fluids. Pain medications and additional sedatives are given, as needed. An endotracheal tube is placed to allow for the delivery of a constant supply of oxygen and anesthetic gas. A nurse anesthetist will continuously monitor your pet’s heart rate, ECG, oxygen levels and blood pressure. The neuter is performed using standard technique and protocol after your pet is carefully prepped and cleaned for the procedure.
Your pet is monitored closely by a nurse as they are recovering from the anesthetic. Your pet will receive continued monitoring, vital checks, IV fluids, and further pain medication, as needed until they are discharged.
A nurse will discuss aftercare instructions with you prior to discharging your pet the evening of his procedure. Nurses will call to check on you the next day.
At Home Recovery
Your pet will be tired and slightly disoriented after the procedure. He should be confined to a small area without any stairs and kept away from other animals or children until he is feeling normal. Feed a small meal the evening of the procedure. Normal meals can restart the next day. Limit activity for 5 days immediately post op. No bathing or swimming for 14 days. Incision Care: check the incision daily for 14 days. Mild redness or swelling is normal. Excessive pain, drainage from the incision, or an opening of the incision are not normal, and we should be notified immediately. Pain Medication should be given as directed by your veterinarian. An E-Collar must be worn for the first 10 days after surgery. Do not allow your pet to lick, chew, or rub the incision as infection will occur. External sutures are not usually present. Some animals experience diarrhea or constipation after general anesthesia. This normally resolves on its own. If the condition does not resolve in 48 hrs or is accompanied by vomiting, lethargy, or anorexia, notify us.
A neuter, while a common procedure, is major surgery. As you can see, there are many steps involved in a successful outcome. Keeping your pet safe and minimizing his discomfort is extremely important to us. We take no shortcuts and work as a team to meet this goal.